Climate
Climate

The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in November 2016

Air temperature

Abnormal cold, which came to the European territory of Russia (ETR) in the middle of October, was kept here in November, and became even stronger. Only southern ETR had the warm weather as in summer in the first decade of November. In Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories the new absolute thermal peaks for November have been registered. But later the cold came here, which affected almost all country territory from the western border to Sea of Okhotsk. In the second November decade the anomalies of the average-decade temperatures in the Urals and territories from the east of it reached -16…-18°. In the Russian North, where the abnormal warmth was in the middle of autumn, there were the biting 30-degrees frosts. In Komi Republic the new record of the air temperature low of November Europe was broken  - 36°. The new temperature lows were registered in Volga area, Urals, Siberia, Yakutia, Khabarovsk Territory and Sakhalin. The frost reached -40…-45°, this is not at all typical for the local Autumn but for December-January.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in October 2016

Air temperature

After the first cool Autumn month in the European territory of Russia the warm weather set at the beginning of October. Air temperature anomalies on the vast territory to the south from Moscow exceeded 2-6° during the first month decade. Everything changed sharply in the second decade. The first large-scale freeze came. Air temperature in Chernozemye region dropped down to -4…-6°. Decade average temperature anomalies in almost all European territory, excluding North, are negative. In the centre and in the south the temperature dropped down to -2…-4°. They were almost the same up to the end of the month. As a result, the last October became colder than usual in the most part of European Russia, excluding Russian North. The same event has already been observing for the third and fourth year relatively in the centre and south of the European Russia.

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The main specific climatic features in the Northern Hemisphere in September 2016

Air temperature


In September in the European part of Russia abnormally cold weather was predominant. The average decade values of temperature in some areas were 1.5 - 2.0ºC below the norm. And, as a result, September was colder than usually in the Central, Southern and Volga Federal Districts. The situation was quite different in the Urals and east of the Ural Mountains. Two first decades were there exceptionally warm. In Evenkiya and Turukhansk Territory, in Taimyr and in Chukotka, in the Kuzbass and in the Baikal Lakeside, on Sakhalin and in Kamchatka daily air temperatures reached extremes quite a number of times. The average decade temperatures exceeded the normal by 4 - 8ºC. Only in the third decade steady cold weather established in Yakutia and Kolyma. The mean air temperature was here 2 - 3ºC lower than norm during the third decade. Nevertheless, freezing did not spoil the general impression of warm weather in the east of the country. In Siberia the last September was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations in Russia, and in the Ural Mountains region in occupies the second place.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in August 2016

Air temperature

During the August in most parts of the European territory of Russia and the Urals was abnormally warm weather, which could be called extremely hot. In the Urals and the in the southern Urals air warmed up to + 35°C and above. There, as well as in the Russian North, the Volga region and in the resorts of southern Russia, were massively established new daily highs temperatures. In Salekhard, located above the Arctic Circle, was beaten the absolute maximum temperature. Now it is + 25.6°C. In any of three decades, the average temperature in the European Russian and the Urals exceeded the norm by 4-8°C. Of course, the same anomalies preserved on average for the month. In the Northwest and Volga federal districts, last August was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations. At the end of the month, the north of the European Russian felt the first breath of autumn. In Karelia, Udmurtia, and the Kirov region were reported freezing to -3°C.

 

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in July 2016

Air temperature

First, we should remind that in June 2016 was one of the hottest in the history of Russia. In July, the heat continued to increase. Particularly noticeable was the European territory, especially the Russian North. In the south, the air heated to 40°C and more (in Lower Volga and North Caucasus republics), in the north in the Nenets Autonomous District air heated up to + 30°C or more. New maximum temperature was recorded at the Barents Sea to the Black Soil Region and further south to the Crimea, Stavropol, Kuban, Rostov and the Lower Volga regions. In the Russian North last July was the hottest in the history of meteorological observations. There monthly air temperature was exceeded by 4-8°C.

Warmer than usual it was in the Urals (the average temperature for the month has received the third rank among the highest values) and in most parts of Siberia, especially in the area of Lake Baikal, where the thermometer rose to + 35-40°C. In Ulan-Ude was first time was reached the temperature of the + 40°C, the absolute maximum temperature was recorded at the level of + 40.6°C. Record highs were also recorded in Tuva, Turukhansk region and Evenkia. Inhabitants of Yakutia have not got much warm in July. Arctic cold had intruded there quite often, which had led to frost and even new lows in temperature. There are some areas here where the temperature was always below normal during the whole month. In the first and second decades it was quite noticeably - by 2-4°C.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in June 2016

Air temperature

In the European part of Russia, especially in the north, the beginning of summer was more like a prolonged spring. The air temperature in the first week was by 2-3°С below the norm. In the Russian North, since 25-degree heat in May, came freeze and record values of minimum air temperature, only at polar stations still were recorded extremely high temperatures. In the second half of the month, the heat returned to the European Russia, in the third decade anomalies exceeded + ... 3 to 5°C. At the end of the month in the Southern Federal District, the air heated almost to + 40°C, in many places across the European territory were set the new daily temperature highs. Nevertheless, the cold start of the month affected the average temperature value. Almost everywhere, it was close to normal or slightly above it.

Quite a different picture was formed in the Urals. In Siberia and in the north of the Far East, almost the whole month was abnormally hot. New highs were repeatedly recorded in Evenkia, Turukhansk region, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, Omsk, Tomsk and Novosibirsk region, in Kolyma and Chukotka. As a result, there the monthly average temperature exceeded the norm by 3-8°C. Past June was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations in the north of the Far Eastern Federal District, and after June 2012 it was the second warmest in the Siberian Federal District. In the south of the Far East air temperature mainly corresponded to normal.

 

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