Climate
Climate

The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in January 2017

Air temperature

One can say about Russia’s first month of the year, that “it goes hot and cold”. Actually, except Arctic islands and south areas of Far East, it is no one large region when average decade temperature anomalies would keep a sign. In Russian North, Urals and Upper Volga the frosts in the first month decade reached -40…-50° and more, anomalies of this period were -6…-13°. But in the second decade the warmth came here and although the anomalies were the same by value, but they had the opposite sign. In the south of Russia the abnormal warmth of the first decade, with the new temperature maximums in Crimea and Krasnodar region, changed by the frosts to -20…-25° in Krasnodar region and -10° in Sochi area. The new temperature minimums were registered at that time and seldom for these places phenomena  - brash ice and fast shore ice in Kerch strait and at the Crimea and Caucasus shore.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in December 2016

Air temperature

The November colds in Russia became more severe in the last month of the year. The frosts attacked the European territory of Russia (ETR), the Urals, central and northern parts of Siberia and Yakutia all first part of December. In the ETR north, in Volga area, Urals, West Siberia the new daily lows repeatedly took place. In Yakutia the temperature dropped down to -56°, in the Ural north – below -40°, in Volga area - -35°. Even in the south, in Kislovodsk the temperature -17°, in Crimea - -15° and in Sochi area - -10° was registered. The decade average temperature anomalies reached -8°…-13°. Frosts decreasing became in the third decade of the month. And, although decade average temperatures, as before, were negative on the most part of the abovementioned territories, the substantial warming came to the Russian North, Central region and Upper Volga area. At the average, in the third decade it was warmer than usual by 4-11°.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in November 2016

Air temperature

Abnormal cold, which came to the European territory of Russia (ETR) in the middle of October, was kept here in November, and became even stronger. Only southern ETR had the warm weather as in summer in the first decade of November. In Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories the new absolute thermal peaks for November have been registered. But later the cold came here, which affected almost all country territory from the western border to Sea of Okhotsk. In the second November decade the anomalies of the average-decade temperatures in the Urals and territories from the east of it reached -16…-18°. In the Russian North, where the abnormal warmth was in the middle of autumn, there were the biting 30-degrees frosts. In Komi Republic the new record of the air temperature low of November Europe was broken  - 36°. The new temperature lows were registered in Volga area, Urals, Siberia, Yakutia, Khabarovsk Territory and Sakhalin. The frost reached -40…-45°, this is not at all typical for the local Autumn but for December-January.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in October 2016

Air temperature

After the first cool Autumn month in the European territory of Russia the warm weather set at the beginning of October. Air temperature anomalies on the vast territory to the south from Moscow exceeded 2-6° during the first month decade. Everything changed sharply in the second decade. The first large-scale freeze came. Air temperature in Chernozemye region dropped down to -4…-6°. Decade average temperature anomalies in almost all European territory, excluding North, are negative. In the centre and in the south the temperature dropped down to -2…-4°. They were almost the same up to the end of the month. As a result, the last October became colder than usual in the most part of European Russia, excluding Russian North. The same event has already been observing for the third and fourth year relatively in the centre and south of the European Russia.

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The main specific climatic features in the Northern Hemisphere in September 2016

Air temperature


In September in the European part of Russia abnormally cold weather was predominant. The average decade values of temperature in some areas were 1.5 - 2.0ºC below the norm. And, as a result, September was colder than usually in the Central, Southern and Volga Federal Districts. The situation was quite different in the Urals and east of the Ural Mountains. Two first decades were there exceptionally warm. In Evenkiya and Turukhansk Territory, in Taimyr and in Chukotka, in the Kuzbass and in the Baikal Lakeside, on Sakhalin and in Kamchatka daily air temperatures reached extremes quite a number of times. The average decade temperatures exceeded the normal by 4 - 8ºC. Only in the third decade steady cold weather established in Yakutia and Kolyma. The mean air temperature was here 2 - 3ºC lower than norm during the third decade. Nevertheless, freezing did not spoil the general impression of warm weather in the east of the country. In Siberia the last September was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations in Russia, and in the Ural Mountains region in occupies the second place.

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The key weather and climate features in the northern hemisphere in August 2016

Air temperature

During the August in most parts of the European territory of Russia and the Urals was abnormally warm weather, which could be called extremely hot. In the Urals and the in the southern Urals air warmed up to + 35°C and above. There, as well as in the Russian North, the Volga region and in the resorts of southern Russia, were massively established new daily highs temperatures. In Salekhard, located above the Arctic Circle, was beaten the absolute maximum temperature. Now it is + 25.6°C. In any of three decades, the average temperature in the European Russian and the Urals exceeded the norm by 4-8°C. Of course, the same anomalies preserved on average for the month. In the Northwest and Volga federal districts, last August was the warmest in the history of meteorological observations. At the end of the month, the north of the European Russian felt the first breath of autumn. In Karelia, Udmurtia, and the Kirov region were reported freezing to -3°C.

 

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